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Examples of FFTF-Produced Medical Isotopes
Isotope Description of use
Actinium-225 (AC-225) See Thorium-229 (Th-229)
Actinium-227 (AC-227) Parent of Radium-223 (Ra-223) which is an alpha emitter used to treat metastases in the skeleton resulting from cancer (i.e., breast and prostate cancers), and cancer radioimmunotherapy
Bismuth-212 (Bi-212) See Thorium-228 (Th-228)
Bismuth-213 (Bi-213) See Thorium-229 (Th-229)
Cadmium-109 (Cd-109) Cancer detection
Cobalt-60 (Co-60) Radiation source for radiotherapy of cancer, for food irradiators, and for sterilization of medical supplies
Copper-64 (Cu-64) A positron emitter used for cancer therapy and SPECT imaging
Copper-67 (Cu-67) Beta/gamma emitter used in cancer radioimmunotherapy and diagnostic studies (i.e., breast and colon cancers, and lymphoma)
Dysprosium166 (Dy-166) Cancer radioimmunotherapy
Erbium-169 (Er-169) Rheumatoid arthritis treatment, particularly for the small joints associated with fingers and toes
Europium-152 (Eu-152) Radiation source for food irradiation and for sterilization of medical supplies
Europium-154 (Eu-154) Radiation source for food irradiation and for sterilization of medical supplies
Gadolinium-153 (Gd-153) Osteoporosis detection and nuclear medical quality assurance devices
Gold-198 (Au-198) Implant and intracavity therapy of ovarian, prostate, and brain cancers
Holmium-166 (Ho-166) Multiple myeloma treatment in targeted skeletal therapy, cancer radioimmunotherapy, bone marrow ablation, and rheumatoid arthritis treatment
Iodine-125 (I-125) Osteoporosis detection, diagnostic imaging, tracer drugs, brain cancer treatment, radiolabeling, tumor imaging, mapping of receptors in the brain, interstitial radiation therapy, brachytherapy for treatment of prostate cancer, determination of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), determination of plasma volume, detection of deep vein thrombosis of the legs
Iodine-131 (I-131) Thyroid function evaluation, thyroid disease detection, treatment of thyroid cancer as well as other non-malignant thyroid diseases (i.e., Graves disease, goiters, and hyperthyroidism), treatment of leukemia, lymphoma, and other forms of cancer (e.g., breast cancer) using radioimmunotherapy
Iridium-192 (Ir-192) Brachytherapy, brain and spinal cord tumor treatment, treatment of blocked arteries (i.e., arteriosclerosis and restenosis), and implants for breast and prostate tumors
Lutetium-177 (Lu-177) Cancer radioimmunotherapy and treatment of blocked arteries (i.e., arteriosclerosis and restenosis)
Molybdenum-99 (Mo-99) Parent of Technetium-99m (Tc-99m) which is used for imaging the brain, liver, lungs, heart, and other organs. Currently, Tc-99m is the most widely used radioisotope used for diagnostic imaging of various cancers and diseases involving the brain, heart, liver, lungs; also used in detection of deep vein thrombosis of the legs
Osmium-194 (Os-194) Cancer radioimmunotherapy
Palladium-103 (Pd-103) Prostate cancer treatment
Platinum-195m (Pt-195m) Studies on biodistribution and metabolism of cisplatin, a chemotherapeutic drug
Phosphorus-32 (P-32) Polycythemia rubra vera (blood cell disease) and leukemia treatment, bone cancer diagnosis/treatment; colon, pancreatic, and liver cancer treatment; radiolabeling nucleic acids for in vitro research, diagnosis of superficial tumors, treatment of blocked arteries (i.e., arteriosclerosis and restenosis), and intracavity therapy
Phosphorus-33 (P-33) Leukemia treatment, bone disease diagnosis/treatment, radiolabeling, and treatment of blocked arteries (i.e., arteriosclerosis and restenosis)
Radium-223 (Ra-223) See Actinium-227 (Ac-227)
Rhenium-186 (Re-186) Bone cancer pain relief, rheumatoid arthritis treatment, and diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma and bone, breast, colon, and liver cancers using radioimmunotherapy
Rhenium-188 (Re-188) Cancer diagnosis and treatment using radioimmunotherapy, bone cancer pain relief, treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, and treatment of prostate cancer
Rhodium-105 (Rh-105) Cancer radioimmunotherapy
Samarium-145 (Sm-145) Ocular cancer treatment
Samarium-153 (Sm-153) Cancer radioimmunotherapy and bone cancer pain relief
Scandium-47 (Sc-47) Cancer radioimmunotherapy and bone cancer pain relief
Selenium-75 (Se-75) Radiotracer used in brain studies, imaging of adrenal cortex by gamma-scintigraphy, lateral locations of steroid secreting tumors, pancreatic scanning, detection of hyperactive parathyroid glands, measure rate of bile acid loss from the endogenous pool
Strontium-85 (Sr-85) Bone cancer detection and brain scans
Strontium-89 (Sr-89) Bone cancer pain relief, multiple myeloma treatment, and osteoblastic therapy
Technetium-99m
(Tc-99m)
See Molybdenum-99 (Mo-99)
Thorium-228 (Th-228) Parent of Bismuth-212 (Bi-212) which is an alpha emitter used in cancer radioimmunotherapy
Thorium-229 (Th-229) Parent of Actinium-225 (Ac-225) and grandparent of Bismuth-213 (Bi-213) which are alpha emitters used in cancer radioimmunotherapy
Thulium-170 ( Tm-170) Gamma source for blood irradiators, energy soruce for implanted medical devices
Tin-117m (Sn-117m) Cancer immunotherapy and bone cancer pain relief
Tungsten-188 (W-188) Parent for Rhenium-188 (Re-188) which is used for cancer diagnostics/treatment, bone cancer pain relief, rheumatoid arthritis treatment, and treatment of blocked arteries (i.e., arteriosclerosis and restenosis)
Xenon-127 (Xe-127) Neuroimaging of brain disorders, high resolution SPECT studies, pulmonary function tests, and cerebral blood flow studies
Ytterbium-175 (Yb-175) Cancer radioimmunotherapy
Yttrium-90 (Y-90) Microseeds obtained from irradiating Yttrium-89 (Y-89) for liver cancer treatment
Yttrium-91 (Y-91) A gamma-emitting label for Yttrium-90 (Y-90) which is used for cancer radioimmunotherapy (i.e., lymphoma, breast, colon, kidney, lung, ovarian, prostate, pancreatic, and inoperable liver cancers)



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